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Mexican Ruins and Cathedrals
The Tepozteco Ruins are located in the town of Tepoztlan in Morelos.  The main attraction of the
archaeological zone is the Temple.  Theinteresting part of these ruins is that they are located on top of a
mountain.  There is no road to the top and you must make a long hike up the mountain to see them.  The
trail to the top mostly consists of rocks so be careful.  The hike up to the ruins is beautiful with nice scenic
views and lots of nature.  Near the entrance, at the bottom of the mountain is another section of the
archaeological zone are ruins of the Pre-Hispanic city called Tlapechacalco.

The site is open from 9 a.m. until 5:30 p.m.   The price is 34 pesos and if you want to use a video camera
they request an additional 35 pesos.  Senior Citizens (Older than 60 years), Children (younger than 13
years), students and professors do not need to pay admission.
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The above photo are the ruins of Tlapechcalco.  They are located before the entrance to the trail that leads
to the top of the mountain where the temple is located and other small ruins.  Around the year 1200 A.D.,
Nahua groups from the seigniory of Xochimilco crossed the Chichinautzin mountain range, guided by their
patron god Tepozteco, and founded the seigniory of Tepoztlan.  To build the city, the Tepoztec people chose
the small valley surrounded by the hills of Tepoztlan, where the image of their god had been safeguarded
on one of the hills.  The construction of the city implied modifying the hillsides.  In some cases the builders
cut the rock and in others they in the terrain.  They erected rock walls between the artificially created
precipices, forming terraces where they built their dwellings, palaces, and temples.  The walls with
smoothed lime and sand surfaces gave the city the appearance of a gigantic pyramidal structure that
dominated the valley and surrounding area.

EN ESPANOL:  Alrededor del ano 1200 d.C. grupos nahuas del senorio de Xochimilco cruzaron la Sierra
del Chichinautzin guiados por su dios patrono el Tepozteco y fundaron el senorio de Tepoztlan.  Para la
edifacacion de la ciudad, cabecera del senorio, los tepoztecas escogieron el pequeno valle rodeado por la
Sierra de Tepoztlan, en uno de cuyos cerros el dios Tepozteco se habia guardado.  La construccion de la
ciudad implico modificar las laderas de la sierra, en algunos casos los constructores recortaron la roca y
en en otros artificialmente formando terrazas, donde construyeron sus habitaciones, palacios y templos.  
Los muros con aplanados de cal y arena dieron a la ciudad la apariencia de un gigantesco basamento
piramidal que dominaba desde la altura el valle y sus alrededores.  De la ciudad prehispanica aun se
conservan grandes secciones, hasta ahora se han descubierto parcialmente los muros de esta terraza.
Entrada de Tepozteco
The above photo is very close to the entrance of El Tepozteco.  The main site is located 1.3 miles from the
parking area.  It is reached by climbing up the steep ecological path.  At a steady pace, the climb will take
about 45 minutes in order to reach the top.  It is recommended that you take breaks and enjoy the
landscape on your way up.  Go slowly and watch your step to avoid accidents.  The stones are generally
steady, but you can trip easily because of all the different sizes and the steepness.  They are a few shops
just before the official entrance where you can purchase drinks.  They are no shops on the trail, nor at the
top of the mountain.  

EN ESPANOL :  El Sitio se encuentra a una distancia de 2 km. 250 m. a partir del estacionmiento.  Se
accede a ella ascendiendo por un sendero ecologico bastante empinado.  A buen paso y sin detenerse, el
trayecto se hace en aproximadamente 45 minutos.  Se te precomienda, sin embargo, tomar algunos
descansos y disfrutar el paisaje.  Subir despacio y con cuidado evitara accidentes.
Fotos de Tepozteco
El Tepozteco Zona Arquelogica
The above photos are scenes while on the long trip up the mountain trail.
A look up the mountain leading to the ruins.
More views while going up the path.